Cotton

Cotton is a natural fibre, resistant and comfortable, and it is the most widespread in the world.

This fibre may come from six different species belonging to a wider family of plants (Gossypium), which was diffused since the ancient times in the Indian subcontinent and in the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa and America. Here, the plant has already been cropped and manufactured in 2000 B.C., arriving in Europe ready for use. Only many years after, in the XXIV century, the method for manufacturing cotton fibres begun spreading here in Europe. Eventually, in the XIIX century, the Industrial Revolution in England made the manufacturing of textile fabrics easier and quicker and cotton became a fundamental material, thanks to its excellent features and its moderate cost.

As far as the cotton production is concerned, the fibre comes out of a soft and white padding, which goes out of the capsule containing the mature seeds of the Gossypium. The harvest of these seeds (and obviously of their enveloping padding) takes usually place mechanically but sometimes, in case of very precious yarns, the manual harvest is still preferred since it produces better results in terms of quality. After the harvest, the seeds are dried before undergoing the phase of shelling, in which they are separated from the padding fibres. Now, the fibres are carded, to remove the fibres that are too short to be spinned, and eventually unravelled and combed.

The cotton fiber is largely used worldwide in order to produce resistant and light cloths. However, in our laboratory we always prefer to use a meshed yarn (50% cotton and 50% linen) to give to the fabrics greater brightness and lightness. 

© Artes Monteriggioni 2012